New Perspectives on Human Mobility in East Africa: Identifying Research Priorities
Over the past years, movements of skilled and unskilled migrants to the Gulf States have increased due to geographical proximity and the presence of labour agreements. These mixed migration flows are driven by multiple socio-economic, political and environmental factors and in many case involve a high number of irregular migrants who are trafficked to countries in the Middle East, Europe and Southern Africa. Victims of trafficking are particularly vulnerable to human rights violations and physical abuses and are of great concern for government in the East Africa region. All the aforementioned aspects make it imperative to gain insight into the fundamental nature of the migration challenges in the Eastern Africa region. It is therefore necessary to review current knowledge about migration in East Africa, identify priority areas for future research and work toward the establishment of a research network to support policymaking.